Séminaire de Cryptographie

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Hervé Chabanne

Perturbing and Protecting a Traceable Block Cipher

At the Asiacrypt 2003 conference, Billet and Gilbert introduce a block cipher, which, to quote them, has the following paradoxical property: it is computationally easy to derive many equivalent distinct descriptions of the same instance of the block cipher; but it is computationally

difficult, given one or even up to k of them, to recover the socalled meta-key from which they were derived, or to find any additional equivalent description, or more generally to forge any new untraceable description of the same instance of the block cipher. They exploit this property to introduce the first traceable block cipher. Their construction relies on the Isomorphism of Polynomials (IP) problem. At Eurocrypt 2006, Faugere and Perret show how to break this scheme by algebraic attack. We here strengthen the original traceable block cipher against this attack by concealing the underlying IP problems. Our modifications are such that our description of the block cipher now does not give the expected results all the time and parallel executions are used to obtain the correct value.

(this work was done with Julien Bringer and Emmanuelle Dottax and will be presented - in part - at CMS'2006)