Séminaire de Cryptographie

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Alice Pellet-Mary

Approx-SVP in Ideal Lattices with Pre-processing

Finding a short non zero vector in an Euclidean lattice is a well-studied problem which has proven useful to construct many cryptographic primitives. The current best asymptotic algorithm to find a relatively short vector in an arbitrary lattice is the BKZ algorithm. This algorithm recovers a vector which is at most $2^{n^{\alpha}}$ times larger than the shortest non zero vector in time $2^{n^{1-\alpha}}$ for any $\alpha$ between 0 and 1. In order to gain in efficiency, it is sometimes interesting to use structured lattices instead of general lattices. An example of such structured lattices are ideal lattices. One may then wonder whether, on the security front, it is easier to find short vectors in a structured lattice or not. Until 2016, there was no known algorithm which would perform better on ideal lattices than the BKZ algorithm (either classically or quantumly). In 2016 and 2017, Cramer-Ducas-Peikert-Regev and Cramer-Ducas-Wesolowski proposed a quantum algorithm that finds a $2^{\sqrt n}$ approximation of the shortest non zero vector in polynomial time. However, the BKZ algorithm remained the best algorithm in the classical setting or for approximation factor smaller than $2^{\sqrt n}$ in the quantum setting. In this talk, I will present an algorithm that extends the one of Cramer et al. and improves upon the BKZ algorithm for ideal lattices, both quantumly and classically. This algorithm is heuristic and non uniform (i.e., it requires an exponential time pre-processing).